The Common Unix Printing System (CUPS) is an open source printing system developed by Apple Inc. for Mac OS® X and other UNIX® operating systems like Linux utilizing existing driver standards. Following are the protocols being referenced by CUPS:
IPP: Internet Printing Protocol. It is preferred as it uses bidirectional communication which gives you more feedback and control. Some older printers may not support this protocol.
LPD/LPR: is an older standard than IPP. Lacks controls for users on the printer settings per print jobs. LPD and JetDirect/AppSocket protocols can be used over the Internet today, however neither of these protocols provides authentication services, access control. Thus, all of the document management and formatting (including printer-specific commands) must be handled by the machine sending the document with these protocols.
CUPS: is a wrapper for IPP managing print jobs and queues. Other protocols are also supported (LPD, SMB, AppSocket a.k.a. JetDirect), albeit with reduced functionalities as compared to IPP.
socket://host:port or socket://host
Illustrations on How to Install a Brother Printer:
These are the steps to install a printer under Linux Mint using CUPS:
1. Use a web browser and goto http://localhost:631/
2. Click Administration > Add Printer. > Input admin credentials if prompted.
3. Select Internet Printing Protocol (http) or printer or Other Networks Printers
4. On connection tab fill in: socket://hostname or socket://ip.address.here
5. Input Name, Description, and Location of your printer if desired > Continue
6. Select PPD File > click OK > Add Printer
7. Optional: set default options or Query Printer for Default Options
Alternatively, Linux Mint also includes the desktop version of Configure Printers
Search for ‘Printers’ > select ‘Configure Printers’ > Add > select Network Printer > Pick the auto-detected printer or use the ‘Find Network Printer’ option > select ‘AppSocket/JetDirect network printer via DNS-SD’ > click Forward
Wait for the program to search the Internet for drivers > click Forward to select an item on a resulting list > Forward again to accept the driver
A new printer should appear on the list after being installed > observe the green check mark indicating that such printer has beet set as the default
Installing drivers as intended by the manufacturer is recommended in many cases. Here is a sample script to accomplish this task for a Brother MFC-7460DN printer:
# Provide Inputs:
Input model name: MFC-7460DN
Device URI: socket://X.X.X.X
The following packages have unmet dependencies:
ia32-libs : Depends: odbcinst1debian2:i386
E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.
Resolution to such error:
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install odbcinst1debian2:i386
sudo apt-get install ia32-libs
Output transcript of ‘Option 3’
root@kim-linux:/home/kim# cd Downloads root@kim-linux:/home/kim/Downloads# ls '1098 Statement.pdf' Add_New_File_v3.5.150.vsix linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-1.gz root@kim-linux:/home/kim/Downloads# gunzip linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-1.gz root@kim-linux:/home/kim/Downloads# sudo su root@kim-linux:/home/kim/Downloads# bash linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-1 Input model name ->MFC-7460DN You are going to install following packages. mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1.i386.deb cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2.i386.deb brscan4-0.4.9-1.amd64.deb brscan-skey-0.3.1-1.amd64.deb OK? [y/N] ->y ========================================= Brother License Agreement Brother retains any and all copyrights to the Software. In no case this Agreement shall be construed to assign or otherwise transfer from Brother to User any copyrights or other intellectual property rights to whole or any part of the Software. Brother grants User a non-exclusive license: to reproduce and/or distribute (via Internet or in any other manner) the Software. Further, Brother grants User a non-exclusive license to modify, alter, translate or otherwise prepare derivative works of the Software and to reproduce and distribute (via Internet or in any other manner) such modification, alteration, translation or other derivative works for any purpose. The license of the Software from Brother hereunder is granted "AS IS." BROTHER HEREBY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE SOFTWARE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO WARRANTY FOR THE QUALITY, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. Brother shall have no liability in contract, tort (including negligence or breach of statutory duty) or otherwise for any interruption of use, loss of data, or for any indirect, incidental, punitive or consequential loss or damage, or for any loss of profit, revenue, data, goodwill or anticipated savings that arises under, out of, or in contemplation of this Agreement or otherwise arises due to any error, inaccuracy or defect in the Software even if Brother has been advised of the possibility of such loss or damage. Further, Brother shall have no liability to disclose and/or distribute the source cord of the Software to User under any circumstances. In no case shall the above license by Brother to modify, alter, translate or otherwise prepare derivative works of the Software be construed as Brother's implied agreement or undertakings to disclose and/or distribute the source cord of the Software. ========================================= Do you agree? [Y/n] ->y wget -T 10 -nd --no-cache http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1.i386.deb --2021-01-11 16:40:07-- http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1.i386.deb Resolving www.brother.com (www.brother.com)... 220.127.116.11 Connecting to www.brother.com (www.brother.com)|18.104.22.168|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 34960 (34K) [application/x-troff-man] Saving to: ‘mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1.i386.deb’ mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1.i386.deb 100%[=============================================================>] 34.14K --.-KB/s in 0.02s 2021-01-11 16:40:08 (1.82 MB/s) - ‘mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1.i386.deb’ saved [34960/34960] ========================================= GPL License Agreement This Software may be used in accordance with GNU General Public License (GPL). Please read carefully the following GPL and click on "I Accept" button. If you cannot agree with the following terms, please click "I don't Accept" button. In case of your non-acceptance, you can not use this Software. Note: Please click on "I Accept" while holding down "Shift" or right click on "I Accept" and select "Save Target As,,," from the menu. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too. When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things. To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it. For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have. 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To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all. The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION 0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program", below, refers to any such program or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you". Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does. 1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with the Program. You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee. 2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions: a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and the date of any change. b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in whole or in part contains or is derived from the Program or any part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge to all third parties under the terms of this License. c) If the modified program normally reads commands interactively when run, you must cause it, when started running for such interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an announcement including an appropriate copyright notice and a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program under these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of this License. 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You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail. If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode: Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details. The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program. You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names: Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker. <signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989 Ty Coon, President of Vice This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General Public License instead of this License. ========================================= Do you agree? [Y/n] ->y wget -T 10 -nd --no-cache http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2.i386.deb --2021-01-11 16:40:09-- http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2.i386.deb Resolving www.brother.com (www.brother.com)... 22.214.171.124 Connecting to www.brother.com (www.brother.com)|126.96.36.199|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 13376 (13K) Saving to: ‘cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2.i386.deb’ cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2.i386. 100%[=============================================================>] 13.06K --.-KB/s in 0.001s 2021-01-11 16:40:10 (10.4 MB/s) - ‘cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2.i386.deb’ saved [13376/13376] Ign:1 http://packages.linuxmint.com ulyana InRelease Hit:2 https://packages.microsoft.com/repos/vscode stable InRelease Hit:3 https://packages.microsoft.com/ubuntu/20.04/prod focal InRelease Hit:4 https://packages.microsoft.com/repos/code stable InRelease Hit:5 http://packages.linuxmint.com ulyana Release Get:6 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease [109 kB] Hit:7 http://ppa.launchpad.net/gezakovacs/ppa/ubuntu focal InRelease Hit:8 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal InRelease Hit:9 http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu focal InRelease Get:10 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease [114 kB] Hit:11 http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb stable InRelease Get:13 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease [101 kB] Get:14 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main i386 Packages [175 kB] Get:15 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [264 kB] Get:16 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main amd64 Packages [438 kB] Get:17 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [281 kB] Get:18 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/multiverse amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [2,468 B] Get:19 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [1,768 B] Get:20 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main Translation-en [97.2 kB] Get:21 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [24.3 kB] Get:22 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [56.5 kB] Fetched 1,664 kB in 2s (747 kB/s) Reading package lists... Done Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable distribution that some required packages have not yet been created or been moved out of Incoming. The following information may help to resolve the situation: The following packages have unmet dependencies: ia32-libs : Depends: odbcinst1debian2:i386 E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages. Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following additional packages will be installed: lib32gcc-s1 libc6-i386 The following NEW packages will be installed: lib32gcc-s1 lib32stdc++6 libc6-i386 0 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded. Need to get 3,296 kB of archives. After this operation, 17.2 MB of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 libc6-i386 amd64 2.31-0ubuntu9.1 [2,721 kB] Get:2 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 lib32gcc-s1 amd64 10.2.0-5ubuntu1~20.04 [49.6 kB] Get:3 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 lib32stdc++6 amd64 10.2.0-5ubuntu1~20.04 [525 kB] Fetched 3,296 kB in 2s (1,712 kB/s) Selecting previously unselected package libc6-i386. (Reading database ... 332293 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack .../libc6-i386_2.31-0ubuntu9.1_amd64.deb ... Unpacking libc6-i386 (2.31-0ubuntu9.1) ... Selecting previously unselected package lib32gcc-s1. Preparing to unpack .../lib32gcc-s1_10.2.0-5ubuntu1~20.04_amd64.deb ... Unpacking lib32gcc-s1 (10.2.0-5ubuntu1~20.04) ... Selecting previously unselected package lib32stdc++6. Preparing to unpack .../lib32stdc++6_10.2.0-5ubuntu1~20.04_amd64.deb ... Unpacking lib32stdc++6 (10.2.0-5ubuntu1~20.04) ... Setting up libc6-i386 (2.31-0ubuntu9.1) ... Setting up lib32gcc-s1 (10.2.0-5ubuntu1~20.04) ... Setting up lib32stdc++6 (10.2.0-5ubuntu1~20.04) ... Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.31-0ubuntu9.1) ... dpkg -x mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1.i386.deb / dpkg -x cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2.i386.deb / dpkg-deb: building package 'mfc7460dnlpr' in 'mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1a.i386.deb'. dpkg -b ./brother_driver_packdir mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1a.i386.deb dpkg-deb: building package 'cupswrappermfc7460dn' in 'cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2a.i386.deb'. dpkg -b ./brother_driver_packdir cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2a.i386.deb dpkg -i --force-all mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1a.i386.deb Selecting previously unselected package mfc7460dnlpr:i386. (Reading database ... 332603 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack mfc7460dnlpr-2.1.0-1a.i386.deb ... Unpacking mfc7460dnlpr:i386 (2.1.0-1) ... Setting up mfc7460dnlpr:i386 (2.1.0-1) ... dpkg -i --force-all cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2a.i386.deb Selecting previously unselected package cupswrappermfc7460dn:i386. (Reading database ... 332619 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack cupswrapperMFC7460DN-2.0.4-2a.i386.deb ... Unpacking cupswrappermfc7460dn:i386 (2.0.4-2) ... Setting up cupswrappermfc7460dn:i386 (2.0.4-2) ... Restarting cups (via systemctl): cups.service. lpadmin: Printer drivers are deprecated and will stop working in a future version of CUPS. # Will you specify the Device URI? [Y/n] ->y 0: beh 1: cups-brf:/ 2: lpd 3: hp 4: ipps 5: socket 6: http 7: https 8: ipp 9: smb 10: hpfax 11: dnssd://Brother%20MFC-7460DN._ipp._tcp.local/ 12 (I): Specify IP address. 13 (A): Auto. (dnssd://Brother%20MFC-7460DN._ipp._tcp.local/) select the number of destination Device URI. ->socket://192.168.100.10 Test Print? [y/N] ->n You are going to install following packages. brscan4-0.4.9-1.amd64.deb dpkg -i --force-all brscan4-0.4.9-1.amd64.deb (Reading database ... 333962 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack brscan4-0.4.9-1.amd64.deb ... Unpacking brscan4 (0.4.9-1) over (0.4.9-1) ... Setting up brscan4 (0.4.9-1) ... This software is based in part on the work of the Independent JPEG Group. You are going to install following packages. brscan-skey-0.3.1-1.amd64.deb dpkg -i --force-all brscan-skey-0.3.1-1.amd64.deb (Reading database ... 333962 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack brscan-skey-0.3.1-1.amd64.deb ... Unpacking brscan-skey (0.3.1-1) over (0.3.1-1) ... Setting up brscan-skey (0.3.1-1) ... enter IP address ->192.168.100.10 brsaneconfig4 -a name=MFC-7460DN model=MFC-7460DN ip=192.168.100.10 Hit Enter/Return key.